Why do we Infer?
- Authors describe: characters’ feelings, events, setting. . . we have to infer to understand
- To draw conclusions, make predictions, and reflect on our reading
- To determine the meanings of unknown words
When do we Infer?
- Before, during, and after reading
- In life, we infer with our 5 senses ~ What is making that noise? What is cooking? How is that person feeling? What is this sharp object? What does a cake with candles on it mean?
- When the author doesn’t answer my questions, I must infer by saying: Maybe. . ., I think. . ., It could be. . ., It’s because. . ., Perhaps. . ., It means that. . ., I’m guessing. . .
How do we Infer?
- Look at the picture
- Think about the characters’ behavior
- Ask questions as you read. Some of our questions are answered in the text, others are not and must be inferred.
- We use our prior knowledge + text clues to draw conclusions
What do we Infer?
- Meaning of unfamiliar words
- Explanation for events
- What the character is feeling
- What pronouns refer to
- Author’s message
- Answers to our questions when they are not directly stated
Fun Inferring Practice! Read these sentences, and have a discussion about the character and setting. Next, draw conclusions, and make predictions!
Sue blew out the candles and got presents.
Mary plays her flute for two hours every day.
The boat drifted in the middle of the lake.
John ran into the street without looking.
Meg was the star pitcher, but she had a broken finger.
We bought tickets and some popcorn.
I forgot to set my alarm clock last night.
When I woke up, there were branches and leaves all over the yard.
Yesterday we cleaned out our desks and took everything home.
Everyone stopped when the referee blew the whistle.
Strategies by Judith Araujo. Check out her blog for great information.