Reading Strategy for the Week


Why do we Infer?

  • Authors describe:   characters’ feelings, events, setting. . . we have to infer to understand
  • To draw conclusions, make predictions, and reflect on our reading
  • To determine the meanings of unknown words

When do we Infer?

  • Before, during, and after reading
  • In life, we infer with our 5 senses ~ What is making that noise?  What is cooking?  How is that person feeling?  What is this sharp object?  What does a cake with candles on it mean?
  • When the author doesn’t answer my questions, I must infer by saying:  Maybe. . ., I think. . ., It could be. . ., It’s because. . ., Perhaps. . ., It means that. . ., I’m guessing. . .

How do we Infer?

  • Look at the picture
  • Think about the characters’ behavior
  • Ask questions as you read.  Some of our questions are answered in the text, others are not and must be inferred.
  • We use our prior knowledge + text clues to draw conclusions

What do we Infer?

  • Meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Setting
  • Explanation for events
  • What the character is feeling
  • What pronouns refer to
  • Author’s message
  • Answers to our questions when they are not directly stated

Fun Inferring Practice!  Read these sentences, and have a discussion about the character and setting.  Next, draw conclusions, and make predictions!

  • Sue blew out the candles and got presents.
  • Mary plays her flute for two hours every day.
  • The boat drifted in the middle of the lake.
  • John ran into the street without looking.
  • Meg was the star pitcher, but she had a broken finger.
  • We bought tickets and some popcorn.
  • I forgot to set my alarm clock last night.
  • When I woke up, there were branches and leaves all over the yard.
  • Yesterday we cleaned out our desks and took everything home.
  • Everyone stopped when the referee blew the whistle.


    Strategies by Judith Araujo.  Check out her blog for great information.